The Pali Language

Pali Terms

anapanasati: mindfulness of breathing
anatta: not-self
anicca: impermanence; inconstancy
Arahat: Liberated one
bhavana: meditation
bhikku: monk
bhikkuni: nun
bodhi: awakening; enlightenment
bodhicitta: awakened heart-mind
Bodhisatta (Sanskrit-Bodhisattva) A future Buddha
Buddha: an Enlightened being
citta: mind, consciousness
Dhamma (Skt. dharma)-liberating law discovered by the Buddha, summed up in the Four Noble Truths, the Truth, Reality, natural law, all physical and mental phenomena
dosa: aversion
dukkha– unsatisfactoriness, suffering, pain, distress, discontent, stress,
jhana: (Skt. dhyana) meditative absorption, a state of strong concentration.
kalyana mitta– spiritual friend
kamma (Skt. karma): (lit.-action) The law of cause and effect; intentional acts
karuna: compassion
khanda (skandha):Five aggregates which form the raw material for one’s sense of self: form/body, feeling, perception, mental formations, consciousness
kilesa (defilements)- greed, aversion, delusion
lobha: greed
magga: path
metta: Lovingkindness, good will
mindfulness (sati) the quality of noticing, of being aware of what’s happening in the moment, not allowing the mind to be forgetful
moha: (lit.-to be stupified) delusion
nibbana (Skt. nirvana): the cessation of suffering, enlightenment, liberation
pañña: wisdom
papañca: Complication, proliferation; tendency of the mind to proliferate issues from the sense of “self.”
parami: perfections, virtues necessary for the realization of Awakening
sacca: truth
saddha: faith, confidence (Lit.-to place one’s heart on)
samadhi: concentration; meditative absorption
sampajañña: alertness
samsára: (lit.-perpetual wandering) ocean of worldly suffering; round of rebirth; pursuit of renewed existence
samvega– spiritual urgency
sangha: the community of Buddhist monks & nuns; recently: “the community of followers on the Buddhist path.”
sati: mindfulness, awareness
sila: moral conduct; precept; virtue; moral restraint
sukha: happiness; pleasure; ease; bliss
sutta: (lit. thread; Skt. sutra) discourse of the Buddha or one of his leading disciples
tanha: (lit. thirst) craving
Tathagata: (Lit. thus gone) an Enlightened person
Theravada: (Doctrine of the elders)- school of Buddhism that draws its inspiration from the Pali Canon, or Tipitaka, the oldest surviving record of the Buddha’s teachings. Has been the predominant religion of southeast Asia (Thailand, Sri Lanka, Burma)
Tipitaka (Literally Three baskets)- The Pali Canon- has Three divisions:

1. Sutta Pitaka- discourses of the Buddha, (Five collections-nikayas- 10,000 suttas)
2. Abhidhamma Pitaka- treatises offering systematic treatment of topics in the suttas
3. Vinaya Pitaka- rules for ordained monks and nuns

upekkha: equanimity
Vipassana: literally, “to see clearly”; insight; insight into the truth of anicca (impermanence), anatta (not-self), & dukkha (unstatisfactoriness), to see things as they really are
viriya: effort; persistence; energy


3 Comments on “The Pali Language”

  1. April 8, 2011 at 11:53 pm #

    wyE6Y5 TYVM you’ve solved all my problems


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